Italian Wines

Italian WinesThe Italian peninsula has a perfect climate and geographical characteristics for growing grapes and making wine; vineyards can be found throughout all of Italy, and Italian wines have been known to be some of the best-tasting, highest quality in the world. While Italian wine making traditions go back thousands of years and some local farmers, who make their own wine for personal and local consumption, use traditional methods such as treading the grapes with their feet, most Italian wines come from state of the art, modern wineries.

The production, marketing and sale of wine in Italy is governed by strict quality control regulations by the Italian government, in accordance with European Union standards, through a system known as the DOC, or Denominazione di Origine Controllata, which assures the quality and region of origin of any particular brand or type of wine.

Italian wines, according to this system, are divided into two main categories: table wines, and Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region, or QWPSR, each of which have two subdivisions themselves. Of table wines, there is Vino da Tavola, which just means wine from Italy, and is generally of a lower comparative quality, and Indicazione Geografica Tipica, which specifies what geographic region the wine came from. Of the QWPSR, which is the higher quality of the two, the two types are DOC (see above) and DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita)–in these cases, the specific region and the types of grapes are also specified, and they are guaranteed to be of the highest quality.